One very common development workflow in CMS is to checkout a few packages from a base release in order to modify them. This is general done with the addpkg wrapper around CVS.

A typical development day with CVS looks like:

scram project CMSSW_6_1_0
addpkg FWCore/Framework
addpkg FWCore/Utilities
checkdeps -a

where checkdeps is used to bring in more packages that depend on the new developments.

Git sees repository status globally, so the concept of checking out a single package, or a single file, does not really exists.

However a workaround to this is to use the so called “sparse checkout” feature of git. This is controlled by the .git/info/sparse-checkout which allows the user to specify which packages will have to be visible to the user and which ones will not.

As a caveat, one must keep in mind that git still sees changes globally, so packages being checked out will have to belong to the same tag. While this might sound scary, it is not such a big issues given that git allows us to have one tag per integration build. In the end, one could argue that per packages tags were a workaround to the limitation imposed by cost of tags in CVS.

simply becomes:

git cms-addpkg FWCore/Framework
git cms-addpkg FWCore/Utilities
git cms-checkdeps -a

For the above example the git cms-addpkg helper will simply create for you a .git/info/sparse-checkout folder which contains:


merges the release tag into the current work area (notice the current repository only contains a limited set of tags) and then invoke the command to update the checkout area to match the contents of .git/info/sparse-checkout:

git read-tree -mu HEAD

A final caveat is that it will not be possible to remove a package by hand via rm -fr <package-name>, git will notice and will consider that as an actual change. To hide a package, you will need to remove it from .git/info/sparse-checkout and run git read-tree -mu HEAD again.